coat of arms
In February 2000 Lost Trails launched a long term project to document in image and sound many of the locations and artifacts mentioned by Herodotus. Lost Trails photographer Shane Solow has extensively travelled through Turkey for the second phase of this project.
Official Name: Republic of Turkey (Turkiye Cumhuriyeti)
Capital: Ankara



Location: southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia (that portion of Turkey west of the Bosporus is geographically part of Europe), bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria

Note: strategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas

Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N, 35 00 E

Area: total: 780,580 sq km land: 770,760 sq km water: 9,820 sq km

Population: 69,660,559 (July 2005 est.)

Land boundaries: total: 2,648 km; border countries: Armenia 268 km, Azerbaijan 9 km, Bulgaria 240 km, Georgia 252 km, Greece 206 km, Iran 499 km, Iraq 352 km, Syria 822 km

Coastline: 7,200 km

Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior

Terrain: high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m; highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m

Natural resources: antimony, coal, iron ore, chromium, mercury, copper, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower

Land use: arable land: 30.93%; permanent crops: 3.31%; other: 65.76% (2001 est.)

Natural hazards: very severe earthquakes, especially in northern Turkey, along an arc extending from the Sea of Marmara to Lake Van

Environment - current issues: water pollution from dumping of chemicals and detergents; air pollution, particularly in urban areas; deforestation; concern for oil spills from increasing Bosporus ship traffic

Ethnic groups: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated)

Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)

Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek

Industries: textiles, food processing, autos, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper

Agriculture - products: tobacco, cotton, grain, olives, sugar beets, pulse, citrus; livestock

Exports - commodities: apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment

Source: The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, USA

Herodotus project
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